Sunday, September 27, 2015

Tips for Teaching Text Structure with Non-Fiction

I love teaching Text Structure! I love text structure so much that I wrote a blog post about it.  Here you will get a free text structure anchor chart, a list of mentor texts, and some tips to help you teach Nonfiction text structures.  (don't forget to grab the free anchor chart)

Teaching text structure can feel like such a complicated task, but it really doesn't have to be.  Here are a few simple tips for making non-fiction text structures simple to understand for your students.

1. Start with the Basics

I love to start each of my lessons with an anchor chart.  The anchor chart starts off very simple and we slowly add to it each day.  I always try my best to let my students decide what should be added to the anchor chart as we go.  Students will take more ownership over the information on the anchor chart if they have a hand in creating it.  Here is a digital version of my "finished" anchor chart.  Feel free to download it and use it in your own classroom! CLICK HERE

I love teaching Text Structure! I love text structure so much that I wrote a blog post about it.  Here you will get a free text structure anchor chart, a list of mentor texts, and some tips to help you teach Nonfiction text structures.  (don't forget to grab the free anchor chart)


2. Look for the Signs

As you can see from my anchor chart, I teach my students to look for signal words to determine the structure of a text.  Some texts are not always clear, but this can be a very useful tool in most cases.

3. Mentor Texts are a "Must"

I use a mentor text to introduce each text structure.  Over the years I have changed the texts that I use. However, here are some that I have enjoyed!

I love teaching Text Structure! I love text structure so much that I wrote a blog post about it.  Here you will get a free text structure anchor chart, a list of mentor texts, and some tips to help you teach Nonfiction text structures.  (don't forget to grab the free anchor chart)


4. Graphic Organizers are Gold!

With all of my students, no matter their ability level, I have learned that graphic organizers are key in teaching text structure.  Graphic organizers allow students to make the structure of a text more concrete, and as a result, more obvious.  

Here is a passage about Harriet Tubman.  As you can see, the graphic organizer included lends itself to a chronological order text structure.  Having the organizer to work with greatly helps my students deepen their understanding of the text structure.  Eventually, I require my students to choose their own graphic organizer for each text.

I love teaching Text Structure! I love text structure so much that I wrote a blog post about it.  Here you will get a free text structure anchor chart, a list of mentor texts, and some tips to help you teach Nonfiction text structures.  (don't forget to grab the free anchor chart)


5. Practice, Practice, Practice!!!

The only way your students are going to get better at identifying and analyzing the structure of a text is by being exposed to various examples of each structure.  Spend some time collecting non-fiction articles for your students to read.  Here is a list of FREE online non-fiction websites with tons of great articles.  

Once you have collected enough texts, split your class into small groups.  Give each group a few texts to analyze.  Have them work together to determine its text structure, the clue words that helped them identify the structure, and why the author chose that structure. This activity will allow you to see exactly where your students are struggling.

Looking for some "No-Prep" text structure resources?  Check out my Non-Fiction Text Structure Resource Pack for everything you will need!  This pack includes student practice pages for each structure (including graphic organizers), a review game including numerous short texts, and an assessment.

I love teaching Text Structure! I love text structure so much that I wrote a blog post about it.  Here you will get a free text structure anchor chart, a list of mentor texts, and some tips to help you teach Nonfiction text structures.  (don't forget to grab the free anchor chart)
CLICK HERE to learn more!
I would love to hear how you teach text structure, or even your favorite mentor text! Feel free to share in the comments.

Check out my Text Structure Pinterest board for even more ideas!




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