Wednesday, August 24, 2016

How to Teach the Presidential Election Without Bias


The 2016 Presidential election is fast approaching. This election has been one of the most controversial ones in recent memory. How do teachers tip-toe around student opinions and just teach the facts? We have created this blog post to help guide you on how to teach the presidential election without bias.

Do's and Don'ts
Teachers must maintain professionalism in the classroom when teaching about the election. Favoritism toward one candidate cannot be displayed in any way. Even though the classroom teacher may have strong convictions, s/he cannot try to persuade the students to support one candidate over the other. Because of this, we have created a  a table emphasizing the do's and don'ts in the classroom that should be adhered to. You can download it for FREE here.

dos and donts

What Ifs...
There will probably be some questions and tense moments in the classroom. Here is a list of "What if's" that may surface in the classroom and how to handle them. You can download it for FREE by clicking here.

what if

Parent Communication
Communicating with parents will be important when teaching about the election. We have created a parent letter that you can download for FREE here. This letter outlines what will be taught, how it will be taught, and how you, the teacher, will deal with issues as they arise.

parent letter
Election Unit
There is so much to a presidential election that has to be taught. You need to avoid debates and arguments without facts, and teach the foundation of the process of voting and the presidential election. We have developed a comprehensive Presidential Election unit that you can download by clicking here

This unit includes:
-qualifications in order to be president
-the roles and responsibilities of the president
-the electoral college
-the popular vote
-how elections work
-key vocabulary associated with elections
-qualifications in order to vote
-past presidents
-the process of becoming president
-candidates’ stances on key issues: education, health care, economy, environment…

President Election Activity

As the teacher, your primary goal is to educate your students about government and the election process in a non-biased way. We would love to hear how you teach the presidential election in your classroom.






Sunday, August 21, 2016

Enemy Pie: 5 Literacy Lesson Ideas

I love Enemy Pie! The first time I read the book to my class, I was hooked.  I'm not sure if it was the adorable illustrations, the clever storyline, or how relatable the story is, but it was a book that I incorporated into my classroom every single year!  Each time I read it I found new ways I could use it in my teaching.  I thought it would be fun to share with you some of the ways I have used Enemy Pie by Derek Munson in my classroom.

Enemy Pie is the perfect read aloud for Upper Elementary! Here are some Reading and Writing Lesson ideas for using Enemy Pie in the classroom. LOVE number 3

I love giving my students a list of ways they can "hook" their readers at the beginning of their narrative writing piece.  A hook is a way of beginning a story so that you grab the reader's attention.  Some good hooks that I always suggest are starting with an action scene, dialogue, or figurative language (Onomatopoeia), etc.  However, I use Enemy Pie to teach my writers how to begin their story with suspense.

After teaching a lesson about the importance of hooking your reader right away, I use the book Enemy Pie and read just the first page.  As a class, we discuss the technique Derek Munson uses to grab their attention.  I allow my students to figure out that by adding the element of suspense right away, you make your reader WANT to continue the story.

Enemy Pie is the perfect read aloud for Upper Elementary! Here are some Reading and Writing Lesson ideas for using Enemy Pie in the classroom. LOVE number 3



When we are all done reading, I love asking my students to create their own recipe for Enemy Pie. They are really fun to read! Not only do they have to write a recipe for it, but I also ask them to write the directions explaining how to make it.  This is great if you are trying to teach Informational Text Structure.  I stress Sequential Order during this activity and use it with my Text Structure Unit.


There are lots of examples out there for 1st person point of view.  What I really like about Enemy Pie is that while it is written in first person, it also contains dialogue.  Dialogue can sometimes through students off and lead them to believe the story is written in third person. By showing them this example of how dialogue can be used in a first person story, they gain a better understanding of point of view.
Enemy Pie is the perfect read aloud for Upper Elementary! Here are some Reading and Writing Lesson ideas for using Enemy Pie in the classroom. LOVE number 3


When I teach Perspective, I often ask my students to tell a story from a different character's point of view.  Enemy Pie is perfect for this activity.  After reading, I ask my students to think about Jeremy Ross's point of view, or perspective.  What was he thinking at the beginning, middle and end of the story?  I then ask my students to rewrite a part of the story from Jeremy's perspective.


In some cases, the elements of a good fiction story can be hard to find. In Enemy Pie, it's a piece of cake...or pie. ;)  This is the perfect text to teach characters, setting, theme, rising actions, climax, and falling actions.  It's also perfect for demonstrating how many stories also contain a problem and solution. As we read through the text, my students fill in this graphic organizer, see below.  They note the problem at the beginning o the story and the step leading to the final solution.

Enemy Pie is the perfect read aloud for Upper Elementary! Here are some Reading and Writing Lesson ideas for using Enemy Pie in the classroom. LOVE number 3


You can download this graphic organizer for FREE right here!  If you need more great graphic organizer activities that can be paired with any text, you can check those out right HERE!

If you already LOVE Enemy Pie, I hope I've given you some fresh ideas for using it in your classroom.  If haven't read it yet, I'm glad I was able to introduce you to an amazing new book.
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Wednesday, August 17, 2016

How to Build Reading Strategies into Instruction

Whether you are teaching guided reading, shared reading, or having students read independently, this post will show you how to build reading comprehension strategies into your instruction.  You will also find a FREE Reading Strategies Questions sheet to use with your instruction!


It is important to teach the reading strategies according to the following method.  It has been proven to be an effective approach.  Teach one per week and focus on that one strategy throughout the variety of readings that week.  I found the best method is to:

Explain:  Whether you are using an anchor chart, writing on a board, or oral teaching, explain each strategy.


Model:  Always model so students can see how it is applied.



Apply:  Students should apply the strategy in their reading.







What reading strategies should you build into your lessons?  See below for the 10 Reading Strategies that will help your students effectively comprehend their text.


Think about questions before, during, after the reading.  Ask questions like...How could that be?  Why did that happen?

Question words:
Who?
Why?
Did?
Where?
How?
What?
Could?
When?

***Connections are broken up into 3 categories.  Text-to-Self, Text-to-Text, and Text-to-World


The first connection strategy is Text-to-Self.  In my opinion, this is the easiest connection strategy to teach, because little ones like to talk about themselves and their experiences.

Think About:

*  Prior Knowledge

*  How can I relate it to myself or something that happened in my life?

*  Is it meaningful?  -  I like to include this question because children can get off topic or not relate to things that are meaningful to the connection.





Text-to-Text can be a little challenging so make sure to model and discuss different books that you have read together in class!

Think About:

*  Prior Knowledge

*  Comparing characters, events, messages, lessons, etc.

*  Finding a common theme or writing style.

*  Is it meaningful?




Text-to-World can the most challenging of the connections.  If children aren't exposed to historical and current events, they might not be able to connect a worldly event to the story.

Think About:

*  Prior Knowledge

*  Current News

*  How can I relate it to something that happened in the world?

*  Is it meaningful?


***Visualizing is broken up into separate lessons:  Go Beyond, Fiction, Nonfiction


Visualizing in a fiction text is often different than visualizing within a nonfiction text.

Think About:

*  Prior Experiences

*  Vivid words in the text

*  Images in my mind




Go beyond visualizing in the text!  Using the 5 senses is an effective way to achieve this strategy:  SEE... HEAR... FEEL... SMELL... TASTE.

Think About:

*  Prior Experiences

*  Vivid words in the text

*  What do I see, hear, feel, smell, or taste?




In an nonfiction text, often visualizing is making comparisons.

Think About:

*  Words that tell about size, shape, or time

*  Prior knowledge relating to the same size, shape, or time

*  Comparing the two objects




Inferring is using background knowledge and facts from a text to PREDICT, MAKE JUDGEMENTS, and DRAW CONCLUSIONS

Think About:

*  The author wants me to think...

*  I'm guessing ... because ...

*  Do I need to change my thinking?





Determining Importance is best learned by highlighting important facts.

Think About:

*  What are the headings, boldfaced words, and illustrations telling me?

*  What is the main idea?

*  What are the important details?

*  I learned ...


 
Last, but not least is synthesizing.  I find this to be the most difficult strategy to teach children.

Think About:

*  I combine prior knowledge with the new information.

*  I create new ideas, opinions, generalizations, patterns.

*  I put the pieces together.... I get it!


I hope you find these tips useful.  Grab the following guide HERE to use during your instruction!



The free resource comes from the READING RESOURCE  below.
  





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