Making Timed Math Tests Engaging and Meaningful

I remember back in the day when I would sit quietly with folders on my desk to block my "neighbor" from looking at my paper.  My teacher would distribute the multiplication timed tests and start the clock for a minute.  I'd race to get as many problems correct as I could, but honestly, I've never been very fast at solving multiplication facts, despite my ability to answer them correctly.  On a good day, I could get through most of the problems, but the rest were left on the page unanswered.

So, now I'm obviously a teacher.  My first year of teaching, I did the timed tests the same way.  I would project a countdown timer on the board, set it for a minute, and allowed the students to start.  As a teacher, when observing my students as they worked, I noticed that many students didn't even finish the first few problems.  How would they ever finish the rest?  Now, it was probably unlikely that they would take this paper home and have parents require them to finish the problems.  No matter how many times I request parents to help their children learn their facts with flashcards I send home, very few actually do.  It's just not high on their priority list in the evenings.

Well, I think I figured out a way where students could answer all, if not most of the problems while having a bit of fun with it.

First, I project a stopwatch on my whiteboard.  Now, this may look different to you.  It's set at 0:00.  This is where my timed tests differ from others.  My students count HOW LONG it takes them to complete all 50 problem...not HOW MANY problems they can complete in a minute.

Then, I will pass out a timed test with 50 problems.   I typically use the website, because it really allows me to customize the tests (number of problems and the values of the multiplicands).  Students put their name on top of the paper and put their paper upside down until I say, "start."  At the beginning of the year, I tend to make the multiplication problems on the page easier and progress to more difficult ones in the future.

Now, as students finish their tests, they are to look up to the whiteboard and record the time in which they finished on top of their paper.

Once I see that all (or most) students are finished, I stop the clock.  Students take out a red pen and we correct the answers together.  At the end, the students write how many they answered correctly on top of the paper.

After we correct the problems together, students take out a record sheet I give them.  In their math notebooks, the students are to record which multiplication facts we covered (2s, 3s, 4s, etc.), how many problems they answered correctly, and their time.  They are always excited to see their improvements in both their number correct and their time.

Overall, I believe this method helps all students, not just those struggling to complete the problems in a predetermined amount of time.  Students who are fluent in their facts are encouraged to beat their time each day.  I also offer a challenge for those really fast students.  I complete this page with them (to create an answer key) and if anyone can beat my time, they win a prize. It's never happened, but a few students have been rewarded for coming REALLY close!  :)

If students finish quickly, I usually let them finish up other work that needs to be completed, write in their journal, or read a book.

I hope this provides you with a new idea for practicing facts in your class.  It has worked wonders for me and students are actually excited because they are so competitive and love to beat their prior times.

How do you practice math facts with your class?  We'd love to hear your ideas!


  1. Any suggestions for how to implement that in a 1st or 2nd grade classroom? I love your strategy! I feel that it allows students to self regulate and establish goals. How do you sequence the facts? For example: Students are timed (up) on their test with all of the questions being about multiplying any number by 2? 2x4 5x2...ect. What time max is accessible for a student to pass? How many questions do you give on each test? Sorry for all the questions. I love your approach and have never seen it done before, so I would truly love to learn more. :-)

    1. Oh, don't apologize for all the question! I'm happy to answer!
      I have 50 problems each time. For multiplication, we start with the easiest by multiplying each number by 1, then 2, then 5, then 10. After we do those, I start at 3 and go up and get anything we missed. The first time you test each number will take the longest. For example. if I started testing on 7s, this might take most of the class 15 minutes to answer all 50, but by the end of the week, it might take the slowest student 5 minutes. I don't stop the test at a certain time, but just walk around and see where students are. If there are a few still working, I let it go longer. If there is just one student far behind, I might stop it.

      I think you can easily do this with addition or subtraction in 1st or 2nd grade using the same strategy. I'm not sure what - if anything - you will need to modify because I honestly didn't try it with younger students, but I don't think you'd have to change much!

  2. This is a great idea, I plan to use it right away in my classroom. Do you have a special recording sheet that the students use?

    Thank you for sharing, I am excited to try this!

    1. I had a record sheet I had made when I was still teaching. It was a rather simple chart with columns to record the date, which fact we worked on (2s, 3s, 4s, mixed, etc.), how many correct, how many incorrect, and how long it took to complete.

  3. I like this method, but wonder how you assess their fact fluency. Do you have a great way to do that?

    1. Mindy, thanks for asking! Once a month, I give a general fact test to check up on them. This is the standard "how many facts can you answer in 2 minutes" test. The method I discussed in this blog post is for our every day fact practice. :)

  4. Melissa- I loved your blog post!! I wrote about your blog post and how it inspired me to switch up multiplication fluency! Thanks!!

  5. Hey, I love this. It's pretty much exactly the way I do it too.
    I give my kids rock names and play rock music so I decided to call it Times Tables Rock Stars.
    You can see how I run it in my class here:

    If anyone wants a free 4-week trial during or after the summer break just email me... bruno @

    The paper version along with the multiplayer online game is probably the fastest growing times tables package in the UK at the moment. Maybe because it's only about $70 for the whole school for a year!

    In a couple of weeks, we're holding a times-tables-off competition for 160 kids and the winner gets a helicopter ride over London that afternoon! Well, they are Rock Gods after all!

    Have a great summer everyone,

    Bruno x


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